Saithe is a codfish that can be found both near the surface and on the seabed down to a depth of 1,000 feet. It is a shoaling fish that may gather in large numbers where there is plenty of food. Saithe stocks in Norwegian waters are split into two: one north of 62 °N, and one south of this point.
Northeast Arctic Saithe becomes sexually mature at the age of 5–6 years and spawns in winter along the Norwegian coast, from Lofoten to the North Sea. The spawning period peaks in February, after which the young drift passively northwards with the currents. Small saithe appear in southern and western Norway in spring, and by the coast of Finnmark as late as August. They migrate a long way from the areas where they feed and grow, and can live up to 30 years.
The fishing of saithe takes place all year-round along the Norwegian coast. Common equipment is bottom trawl, purse seine, gill net, Danish seine and hand line.
Saithe is especially rich in:
- Protein that builds and maintains every cell in the body
- Vitamin D, necessary to balance calcium in the body, which maintains and strengthens the bones
- Vitamin B12, which is important for the body in producing new cells, including red blood cells Vitamin B12 can help to prevent anemia
- Selenium, an important element in an enzyme that fights harmful chemical processes in the body
More nutritional data can be found at www.nifes.no/en/prosjekt/seafood-data